Krakow was one of the largest Jewish centres in Poland, with more than 65000 Jews there just before the war. Post Holocaust the Jewish population was less than 3000. Unlike Warsaw, Krakow was hardly damaged during the war, its Jewish quarter, Kazimierz, is one of Europe’s richest and most important areas of Jewish monuments. Most of the sites in Kazimierz are grouped around 2 squares, where several synagogues are located and the once vibrant Jewish marketplace.
On the edge of Krakow stands the infamous Plaszow concentration camp, well known as it was here that Oskar Schindler saved 700 Jews by putting them on a work list.